Preparing a Cultivation Space

Preparing a Cultivation Space

When cultivating mushrooms at home, creating an ideal environment that mimics their natural growing conditions is crucial. In the wild, mushrooms grow in diverse environments from rich woodland floors to decomposing logs, thriving in a specific set of conditions. As cultivators, our goal is to replicate these conditions as closely as possible. This page will guide you through the process of setting up your cultivation space.

Choosing the Right Space

The first step in preparing your cultivation area is choosing an appropriate space. While mushrooms can be grown in a variety of locations within your home, there are a few factors to consider:

Space Availability

Mushroom cultivation can take up as much or as little space as you have available. You can start with a small clear box for a handful of jars or bags, or dedicate an entire room for a larger-scale operation. The key is to choose a space that can comfortably fit all your equipment and supplies.

Temperature and Humidity Control

Mushrooms need specific temperature and humidity levels to grow. Choose a space where you can control these factors, whether through air conditioning, heating, or humidification. Basements are often an excellent choice due to their naturally cooler temperatures and higher humidity.


Cleanliness is vital in mushroom cultivation to prevent contamination. Opt for a space that can be kept clean easily, and where dust and dirt are less likely to be a problem. The space should also be easy to access for regular maintenance and cleaning.

Setting Up Your Space

Once you've selected the ideal space, you're ready to start setting it up:

Install Shelves

Depending on your space's size, installing shelves can maximize your use of the area. Shelves should be easy to clean and disinfect, and sturdy enough to hold your mushroom containers and other equipment.

Set Up Your Equipment

Arrange your equipment in a manner that makes your workflow efficient. Position your sterilization equipment (pressure cooker or autoclave), inoculation station (Still Air Box or Laminar Flow Hood), and growing area (spawn bags or containers, growth chambers or tents) in a logical order to streamline the cultivation process.

Climate Control

To achieve the right temperature and humidity for your mushrooms, you may need to install heaters, air conditioners, humidifiers, or dehumidifiers. Thermometers and hygrometers should be placed in your growing area to monitor these conditions closely.


While mushrooms are not as light-dependent as plants, they do require some light to trigger fruiting and to determine the direction of their growth. Set up a source of indirect light, such as a window or a grow light.


Fresh air exchange is crucial in mushroom cultivation. Incorporate a fan or an air purifier in your setup to ensure there is a gentle flow of fresh air in your cultivation space.

Cleanliness and Maintenance

A clean space is a successful space in mushroom cultivation. Regularly clean and sterilize all surfaces, tools, and containers. Make a habit of disinfecting your hands and wearing clean clothes when you handle your mushrooms to prevent contamination.

Preparing your cultivation space may require time and effort, but it lays a foundation for a successful mushroom-growing endeavor. Remember, the goal is to recreate the mushroom's natural habitat, making it feel 'at home' in your own home. Happy growing!

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