MidJourney Art

P - Mycology Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Papillate
[ puh-PILL-ate ]
Umbonate with a nipple-like bump.
All types of mushroom cap shapes.
Parabolic
[ par-uh-BOL-ik ]
Half-egg shaped; symmetrical plane curve.
Taller than a typical convex cap, but shorter than a cylindric cap.
All types of mushroom cap shapes.
Parasite
[ PAR-uh-site ]
an organism that lives in or on another organism. the parasite will obtain nutrients by feeding off its host.
Parasitism
[ PAR-uh-si-tiz-um ]
a relationship where an organism benefits at the expense of a host organism.
Parasitoidism
[ par-uh-SI-toi-diz-um ]
When insect larvae feed off the tissue of a host until the larvae mature. Often resulting in the death of the host.
Partial Veil
Tissue covering the lamellae (gills) that extends from the cap margins to the stipe (stem). Once broken it could form an annulus (ring) on the stem or hang from the cap margins (appendiculated).
Peridioles
[ peh-RI-di-oles ]
Oval-shaped spore capsules found in the peridium of bird-nest (Nidulariaceae) fungi.
Peridium
[ peh-RID-ee-um ]
a protecting wall for spore-producing structures in fungi.
Perithecium
[ per-i-THEE-shee-um ]
A flask-shaped or spherical fruiting body of fungi in the Ascomycota division. Ascospores are dispersed through a small pore at the top called an ostiole.
Fungi in the Sordariomycetes class (also known as Pyrenomycetes).
Photobiont
[ fo-to-BY-ont ]
The algae or cyanobacteria portion of a lichen.
Fungal symbiont: Mycobiont
Photosynthesis
[ fo-to-SIN-thuh-sis ]
The process organisms in the kingdom Plantae use to convert sunlight into energy.
Phyla
[ FY-luh ]
A taxonomy classification below "Kingdom" that groups all classes of organisms. Used for kingdom Animalia; Division is used for kingdoms Fungi and Plantae.
plural Phylum
Pileus
[ PI-lee-us ]
The technical term for a mushroom cap; Top of a fruiting body.
plural Pilei
Plane
[ playn ]
Flat or level surface
All types of mushroom cap shapes.
Plasmogamy
[ plaz-MOG-uh-mee ]
The fusing of a haploid male (+) and female (-) cells resulting in a dikaryotic cell.
Plicate
[ PLY-kate ]
Parellel pleated margins. They are best described as fan-like or umbrella-like as if the surface of the cap was folded. Plicate margins are more defined and ridged than Striate or Sulcate. Also referred to as pleated or ridged.
All types of mushroom cap margins.
Polypore
[ POLY-pore ]
a shelf-like fungus that grows on wood and uses pores to disperse spores.
a common name for fungi in the family Polyporaceae.
Polysaccharides
[ poly-SAK-a-rides ]
Long chains of simple carbohydrate molecules called monosaccharides.
Examples: starch, insulin, cellulose, or glycogen
Pore
[ pawr ]
An opening where spores are dispersed.
Often found on bolete and polypore mushrooms
Primordia
[ pri-MOR-dee-uh ]
an early stage of a fruiting body's development. Also known as a pin.
Precede by the hyphal knot stage.
Pruinose
[ PROO-i-nose ]
A surface covered with a white powdery frostlike substance.
All types of mushroom cap surfaces.
Pseudorhiza
[ soo-do-RY-zuh ]
a large root-like structure found at the base of the stipe (stem) of some mushrooms. It also is known as a false root.
Often found in the family Hymenogastraceae.
Pubescent
[ pyoo-BES-ent ]
A surface cover with fuzz or fine hairs.
All types of mushroom cap surfaces.
Pulverulent
[ pul-VER-yoo-lent ]
A surface covered with fine dust or powder.
All types of mushroom cap surfaces.
Pulvinate
[ PUL-vi-nate ]
Cushion-shaped.
All types of mushroom cap shapes.
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