C - Mycology Terms
[ kam-pan-yuh-lit ]
[ kuh-nes-uh nt ]
A surface covered in dense white or gray down-like hairs. Giving a frosted appearance.
All types of mushroom cap surfaces.
[ kang-ker ]
A sore or tumorous growth.
To top of a fruiting body. See pileus.
[ cap-il-li-ti-um ]
A network of noncellular fibers constructed from waste material that is used in spore dispersal.
Often found in slime mold and puffballs.
[ kahy-tin ]
A strong fibrous substance made up of flexible polysaccharides. Fungal cell walls are comprised of chitin.
Also found in the exoskeletons of insects and crustaceans.
[ kluh-mid-uh-spawr ]
An asexual spore with a thick cell wall.
Found in the Ascomycota division.
[ kroh-muh-sohm ]
A threadlike structure found in the nucleus of eukaryotes that stores genetic information.
[ kahy-trid-oh-mahy-koh-tuh ]
a division of microscopic fungi with over 750 aquatic species. They contain little to no mycelium and reproduce asexually by the release of zoospores.
[ kahy-trid ]
fungi of the Chytridiomycota division
The connection between the basidia and hypha, found in Basidiomycete fungi.
[ kley-veyt ]
offer used to refer to the stipe (stem).
[ see-nuh-sahyt ]
Non-septate hyphae, also known as aseptate hyphae.
Gills are attached to a collar or ring that encircles the stipe (stem).
See gill attachments.
[ kongk-eyt ]
Oyster-shaped; Bivalve shell-shaped
[ kon-ik-al ]
[ koh-nid-ee-uh-fawr ]
Specialized hyphae that develop conidia (asexual spores).
[ koh-nid-ee-uh m ]
An asexual spore developed on a conidiophere; found in the Ascomycota division of fungi.
[ koh-nuh-fer ]
Cone-bearing evergreen trees and shrubs with needles or scale-like leaves.
Common Trees: hemlock, spruce, pine, fir, and arborvitae.
[ kongk ]
A common name for wood-like polypores that grow on trees.
[ kon-veks ]
A rounded curve; bowl-shaped.
[ kop-rahyn ]
a mycotoxin found fungi belonging to the genus Coprinopsis. If consumed and mixed with alcohol, it causes Coprinus syndrome.
Commonly associated with ink caps mushrooms.
[ kop-rahy-noid ]
fungi belonging to the genus Coprinopsis.
A poisoning caused by the consumption of coprine (mycotoxin) and alcohol. Symptoms usually last 2-3 hours and could occur if alcohol is consumed 5 days before or after ingestion of a mushroom containing coprine.
Symptoms: general discomfort, headache, nausea, vomiting, restlessness, abnormal heartbeat, and tingling in limbs.
[ kawr-tee-nuh ]
A web-like partial veil that connects from the cap margin to the stipe (stem).
[ kree-neyt ]
Cap margins that are round-toothed or scalloped.
All types of mushroom cap margins.
[ kroo-shee-it ]
[ kuhs-pi-deyt ]
Umbonate with a pointy conical apex; Witch-hat shaped. also known as eye-tooth.
[ si-lin-dri-kuh ]
Bullet-shaped; Tall, cylinder-shaped, and convex.
[ si-stid-ee-uh m ]
A sterile cell often found between clusters of Basidia in Basidiomycota division of fungi.
[ sahy-toh-ki-nee-sis ]
a stage of mitosis or meiosis where a cell's cytoplasm divides creating two daughter cells.
[ sahy-tuh-plaz-uh m ]
a semifluid substance found between the cell membrane and nucleus.